Apr 11, 2018

How Can I Back Up My Mac To My Synology NAS

Using a Mac to backup your Synology NAS requires you to make use of MacOS’s Time Machine backup utility. By so doing you can back up your entire computer to an external hard drive, it's also possible to use a local network to back up your NAS once the back up is on the network. Gradually,  I will be showing you how to go about it

You can set up your Time Machine on your Mac, so you do that... you should just make a backup to an external hard drive that’s connected directly to your computer because it easier but you had rather use your Synology NAS that’s connected to your local networt which requires a bit more work to do, though it's not also stressful because it requires just few steps.
Today,  I will be showing you 4 procedures to take if you want to backup your Mac. to a Synology NAS. Here are the procedures....

This is the first thing you have to consider once you want to back up your Mac.  on synology NAS, Create a separate shared folder on your NAS that’s specifically for Time Machine backups.

To do this, follow these below process...

>>Bring up "DiskStation Manager"
>>Open up the "Control Panel".
>>Click the “Shared Folder” item.

>>Open the “Create” dropdown menu, and then click the “Create” command.

>>Once you are done with that,  give the shared folder a suitable name you desire for instance “Time Machine” and then disable the Recycle Bin (you won’t need this for Time Machine backups).

>>Then click on “Next” to continue. On the next screen, you can enable encryption for your Time Machine backups if you want. If you choose to do this, it’s better for your Synology NAS to handle it, rather than macOS, as that will free up resources on your computer.

>>Turn on the “Enable Shared Folder Quota” option. This places a maximum capacity on the shared folder so that Time Machine doesn’t continue to create more and more backups until it fills up the entire NAS.

On the dialogue box below, enter a storage size that’s about three times the size of your Mac’s storage capacity (e.g. if your Mac has 750 GB of storage space, make the storage size 2250 GB). You can enter whatever you want.
For me, this spot is OK because it's includes a longer history of backups without receiving unwanted alert on storage capacity.

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>>On the next screen, Click the “Apply” button to confirm the settings.

>>Then,  a pop up will appear showing you to set user permissions for the shared folder, you can make use of the defaults which is the best but you can make use of yours also, it depends on you. any which way. It's OK,  Just go ahead and hitt the “OK” button.
You can create a new user specifically for the Time Machine backup with a different password and everything, but it’s not required.

>>Once you are done with that,  you will now see your new Time Machine shared folder in the list. That's all for this steps,  you are now good to go.


The next thing to do now after you are done creating the shared folder is to enable a couple of features so that Time Machine can successfully back up to it. To Start this...

>>Click “File Services” in the left-hand sidebar of the NAS control panel.

>>On the “SMB/AFP/NFS” tab, enable the “Enable SMB Service” option. If you have macOS El Capitan or older, you’ll want to use AFP instead by scrolling down a bit and ticking the “Enable AFP Service” check box.

>>Then Switch over to the “Advanced” tab, and then tick the “Enable Bonjour Time Machine broadcast via SMB” option. If you are making use of the older version of MacOS, use the "AFP"

>>Click the “Set Time Machine Folders” button.

>>Place a check next to the Time Machine shared folder that you created earlier, and then hit the “Apply” button.

>>Click “Yes” when the pop-up appears.
You are done with this also.

for those using there NAS for other things, check through if your Mac is already connected to it it’s, If it is, skip to the next section but if it hasn't... Follow the steps below.

>>Go to the Mac desktop and open the “Go” menu, and then select the “Connect to Server” command.

>>It will show you a text box,  In that text box, type this as follows without the quote "smb:// followed by the name of your NAS or its local IP address".

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>>Hit “Connect” to continue. You may be prompted to enter the log in credentials for the NAS. Do so if you are ask to.


After following the 3 process above,  I know your Mac will have been connected to your NAS, so follow these little steps below to set the time machine to back up your NAS...

>>Go to the System Preferences and select the “Time Machine” option.

>>Click the “Select Disk” button.

>>Select the shared folder that you created for your Time Machine backups, and then click the “Use Disk” button.
Some might have a previous storage drive linked to Time Machine, so a pop-up comes up asking you if you want to use both disks or replace the old one with your new disk. Just click on the option “Replace”.

Some you might be prompted to enter your NAS’s log in credentials again before you can continue, so do that and when it's done, you are good to go.

The next thing you notice is that you  see the Synology NAS backing up Mac automatically. Done! Done!! Done!!!
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